Atomic Number of Bismuth

Bismuth Atomic Number

Atomic Number of Bismuth is 83.

Chemical symbol for Bismuth is Bi. Number of protons in Bismuth is 83. Atomic weight of Bismuth is 208.9804 u or g/mol. Melting point of Bismuth is 271,4 °C and its the boiling point is 1560 °C.

» Boiling Point » Melting Point » Abundant » State at STP » Discovery Year

About Bismuth

Bismuth is a silvery metal with very high density. It is among the oldest known elements on our planet which has been used for at least 1,500 years. The name of this element takes sources from a German expression meaning white mass. Bismuth can be extracted from a few ores which can be found on the surface of our planet. It has no biological importance and is not toxic. Bismuth is used in various chemical compounds and alloys with a large number of other metals like tin, copper, cadmium, lead, etc., for a variety of purposes like producing fire extinguishers and detectors, soldering components, electric fuses, pigments, and others. It can be used as the source of fuel for nuclear reactors and also this element plays a role for medical treatments of such conditions as eye infections, peptic ulcers, and some others.

Properties of Bismuth Element

Atomic Number (Z)83
Atomic SymbolBi
Group15
Period6
Atomic Weight208.9804 u
Density9.807 g/cm3
Melting Point (K)544.7 K
Melting Point (℃)271,4 °C
Boiling Point (K)1837 K
Boiling Point (℃)1560 °C
Heat Capacity0.122 J/g · K
Abundance0.009 mg/kg
State at STPSolid
OccurrencePrimordial
DescriptionMetal
Electronegativity (Pauling) χ2.02
Ionization Energy (eV)7.2856
Atomic Radius160pm
Covalent Radius146pm
Valence Electrons5
Year of Discovery1540
DiscovererAgricola

What is the Boiling Point of Bismuth?

Bismuth boiling point is 1560 °C. Boiling point of Bismuth in Kelvin is 1837 K.

What is the Melting Point of Bismuth?

Bismuth melting point is 271,4 °C. Melting point of Bismuth in Kelvin is 544.7 K.

How Abundant is Bismuth?

Abundant value of Bismuth is 0.009 mg/kg.

What is the State of Bismuth at Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)?

State of Bismuth is Solid at standard temperature and pressure at 0℃ and one atmosphere pressure.

When was Bismuth Discovered?

Bismuth was discovered in 1540.


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