Atomic Number of Californium
Atomic Number of Californium is 98.
Chemical symbol for Californium is Cf. Number of protons in Californium is 98. Atomic weight of Californium is 251 u or g/mol. Melting point of Californium is 900 °C and its the boiling point is 1472 °C.» Boiling Point » Melting Point » State at STP » Discovery Year
Californium is an actinide and a radioactive metal which was discovered about 70 years ago by a group of scientists in one of the universities of California, so it has got its name after the state. This chemical element is very toxic and has no biological importance. It can be produced in the lab from a type of plutonium. There are 20 isotopes of Californium, and this element can produce a few compounds. It is used in nuclear reactors and is highly valued for its property to emit neutrons. Californium can be used in various kinds of detectors used for a variety of purposes like identifying certain components of ores, detecting oil or water layers, detecting material fatigue, etc.
Properties of Californium Element
|Atomic Number (Z)||98|
|Atomic Weight||251 u|
|Melting Point (K)||1173 K|
|Melting Point (℃)||900 °C|
|Boiling Point (K)||1743 K|
|Boiling Point (℃)||1472 °C|
|State at STP||Solid|
|Electronegativity (Pauling) χ||1.3|
|Ionization Energy (eV)||6.2817|
|Year of Discovery||1950|