Atomic Number of Fluorine

Fluorine Atomic Number

Atomic Number of Fluorine is 9.

Chemical symbol for Fluorine is F. Number of protons in Fluorine is 9. Atomic weight of Fluorine is 18.99840316 u or g/mol. Melting point of Fluorine is -219,6 °C and its the boiling point is -188,1 °C.

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Fluorine

About Fluorine

Fluorine is a pale yellow gas which is very toxic and poisonous but is essential for animals and humans to strengthen our bones and teeth. It is a very reactive gas which reacts even with noble gases, and it forms a large number of chemical compounds. The name of the chemical element is derived from the Greek word meaning flowing. Fluorine can not be found in its natural form as it reacts very fast. It was not produced until the middle of the 20th century, but in those times it became necessary for various projects involving nuclear energy. This element is also used in toothpaste and dental care products, as well as in producing some parts for electronic devices, for welding and processing glass, etc. In its natural form, fluorine exists in some types of clay, rocks, coal, and other sources.

Uses of Fluorine

Fluorine which is the most reactive element is used to produce uranium hexafluoride in the nuclear power industry. Today, fluorine compounds are mostly used in the pharmaceutical and agriculture fields. Dichlorodifluoromethane (a colorless gas with the formula Cl2CF2) is used as a coolant in domestic refrigerators and air conditioners. And hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) containing carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen, is used as aerosols in medicine. Hydrofluoric acid (HF) which is a solution of hydrogen fluoride in water, is used in industrial chemistry, glass finishing, cleaning, and research. Sodium fluoride, an inorganic compound with the formula NaF is commonly used in the production of pharmaceuticals. It is sold as tablets to prevent cavities. Sodium fluoride is also used in chemistry and in medical imaging too.

Compounds with Fluorine

Properties of Fluorine Element

Atomic Number (Z)9
Atomic SymbolF
Group17
Period2
Atomic Weight18.99840316 u
Density0.001696 g/cm3
Melting Point (K)53.53 K
Melting Point (℃)-219,6 °C
Boiling Point (K)85.03 K
Boiling Point (℃)-188,1 °C
Heat Capacity0.824 J/g · K
Abundance585 mg/kg
State at STPGas
OccurrencePrimordial
DescriptionHalogen
Electronegativity (Pauling) χ3.98
Ionization Energy (eV)17.42282
Atomic Radius50pm
Covalent Radius71pm
Van der Waals Radius147
Valence Electrons7
Year of Discovery1886
DiscovererMoissan

What is the Boiling Point of Fluorine?

Fluorine boiling point is -188,1 °C. Boiling point of Fluorine in Kelvin is 85.03 K.

What is the Melting Point of Fluorine?

Fluorine melting point is -219,6 °C. Melting point of Fluorine in Kelvin is 53.53 K.

How Abundant is Fluorine?

Abundant value of Fluorine is 585 mg/kg.

What is the State of Fluorine at Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)?

State of Fluorine is Gas at standard temperature and pressure at 0℃ and one atmosphere pressure.

When was Fluorine Discovered?

Fluorine was discovered in 1886.


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