Atomic Number of Scandium

Scandium Atomic Number

Atomic Number of Scandium is 21.

Chemical symbol for Scandium is Sc. Number of protons in Scandium is 21. Atomic weight of Scandium is 44.955908 u or g/mol. Melting point of Scandium is 1539 °C and its the boiling point is 2832 °C.

» Boiling Point » Melting Point » Abundant » State at STP » Discovery Year

About Scandium

Scandium is a rare metal known also as a transition metal. In its pure form, this metal is quite soft and reactive, especially with water and air. It is a carcinogen and quite a toxic element. Its name is derived from a Latin word meaning Scandinavia. Scandium is rather used for research since it is very rare and can be found only is a few rare types of minerals. As a metal, scandium has very low density, so it is used in alloys with other light metals like aluminum in aircraft industry, etc. Combined with mercury and iodine, scandium is used for producing bulbs.

Properties of Scandium Element

Atomic Number (Z)21
Atomic SymbolSc
Group3
Period4
Atomic Weight44.955908 u
Density2.989 g/cm3
Melting Point (K)1814 K
Melting Point (℃)1539 °C
Boiling Point (K)3109 K
Boiling Point (℃)2832 °C
Heat Capacity0.568 J/g · K
Abundance22 mg/kg
State at STPSolid
OccurrencePrimordial
DescriptionTransition metal
Electronegativity (Pauling) χ1.36
Ionization Energy (eV)6.5615
Atomic Radius160pm
Covalent Radius144pm
Valence Electrons2
Year of Discovery1879
DiscovererNilson

What is the Boiling Point of Scandium?

Scandium boiling point is 2832 °C. Boiling point of Scandium in Kelvin is 3109 K.

What is the Melting Point of Scandium?

Scandium melting point is 1539 °C. Melting point of Scandium in Kelvin is 1814 K.

How Abundant is Scandium?

Abundant value of Scandium is 22 mg/kg.

What is the State of Scandium at Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)?

State of Scandium is Solid at standard temperature and pressure at 0℃ and one atmosphere pressure.

When was Scandium Discovered?

Scandium was discovered in 1879.


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