Atomic Number of Strontium

Strontium Atomic Number

Atomic Number of Strontium is 38.

Chemical symbol for Strontium is Sr. Number of protons in Strontium is 38. Atomic weight of Strontium is 87.62 u or g/mol. Melting point of Strontium is 769 °C and its the boiling point is 1384 °C.

» Boiling Point » Melting Point » Abundant » State at STP » Discovery Year

About Strontium

Strontium is an alkaline metal known for its extremely high chemical reactivity. It has got its name after a town in Scotland, Strontian. It occurs naturally on the surface of our planet in various minerals, and a large portion of natural strontium is produced in China. Since the properties of this chemical element are similar to the ones of calcium, there can be a bit of strontium accumulated in living organisms. When this chemical element burns, a salt of bright red color is produced, that’s why it is used for producing fireworks. Strontium is also used in chemical industry and for producing magnets. It is also a by-product of radioactive chemical reactions, and it can be dangerous and carcinogen for human body as a radioactive element.

Properties of Strontium Element

Atomic Number (Z)38
Atomic SymbolSr
Group2
Period5
Atomic Weight87.62 u
Density2.64 g/cm3
Melting Point (K)1050 K
Melting Point (℃)769 °C
Boiling Point (K)1655 K
Boiling Point (℃)1384 °C
Heat Capacity0.301 J/g · K
Abundance370 mg/kg
State at STPSolid
OccurrencePrimordial
DescriptionAlkaline earth metal
Electronegativity (Pauling) χ0.95
Ionization Energy (eV)5.6949
Atomic Radius200pm
Covalent Radius192pm
Valence Electrons2
Year of Discovery1790
DiscovererCrawford

What is the Boiling Point of Strontium?

Strontium boiling point is 1384 °C. Boiling point of Strontium in Kelvin is 1655 K.

What is the Melting Point of Strontium?

Strontium melting point is 769 °C. Melting point of Strontium in Kelvin is 1050 K.

How Abundant is Strontium?

Abundant value of Strontium is 370 mg/kg.

What is the State of Strontium at Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)?

State of Strontium is Solid at standard temperature and pressure at 0℃ and one atmosphere pressure.

When was Strontium Discovered?

Strontium was discovered in 1790.


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